qualm

qualm
qualm, scruple, compunction, demur can all denote a feeling of doubt or hesitation as to the rightness or wisdom of something one is doing or is about to do.
Qualm implies an uneasy, often a sickening, sensation that one is not following the dictates of his conscience or of his better judgment
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have no qualms at all in committing adultery— Book-of-the-Month Club News

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how few little girls can squash insects and kill rabbits without a qualmRose Macaulay

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we go on spreading culture as if it were peanut butter . . . but we feel qualms about the result— Barzun

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Scruple denotes mental disturbance occasioned by doubt of the rightness, the propriety, the fairness, or, sometimes, the outcome of an act; it often implies a principle as the source of the disturbance, and it may imply an overnice conscience or an extremely delicate sense of honor
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she has no scruples about carrying away any of my books

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began to have scruples, to feel obligations, to find that veracity and honor were . . . compelling principles— Shaw

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he has not pretended an apprehension which he does not feel, but has candidly disclosed his conscientious scruplesMeltzer

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Compunction (see also PENITENCE) implies a usually transitory prick or sting of conscience that warns a person that what he is about to do or is doing is wrong, unfair, unjust, or improper; it may additionally suggest a degree of concern for a potential victim
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showed no compunction in planning devilish engines of military destruction— Ellis

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he has to be taught ... to feel compunction when he has wantonly caused tears— Russell

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Demur stresses hesitation to such an extent that it carries a stronger implication of delay than any of the other terms; it usually suggests, however, a delay caused by objections or irresolution rather than by an awakened conscience or by a scruple or compunction
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he doubts with a persistence of demur and question that might well have surprised Descartes himself— Times Lit. Sup.

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with some misgivings but without demur his committee accepted the decision— Time

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Analogous words: misgiving, *apprehension, foreboding, presentiment: doubt, mistrust, suspicion, *uncertainty

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Синонимы:
, , , / (of the stomach), / (of conscience), , , ,


См. также в других словарях:

  • Qualm — Qualm, n. [AS. cwealm death, slaughter, pestilence, akin to OS. & OHG. qualm. See {Quail} to cower.] 1. Sickness; disease; pestilence; death. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] thousand slain and not of qualm ystorve [dead]. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] 2. A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • qualm — qualm; qualm·ish; qualm·ish·ly; qualm·ish·ness; …   English syllables

  • Qualm — Sm std. (16. Jh., twalm 8. Jh.) Stammwort. Übernommen aus dem Niederdeutschen. Die nächstliegende Erklärung ist ein Anschluß an quellen, also das Hervorquellende ; es ist aber zu beachten, daß Wörter dieser Bedeutung in den indogermanischen… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • qualm — [kwäm] n. [ME qualme < OE cwealm, death, disaster (akin to Ger qual, pain, Swed kvalm, nausea) < base of cwellan, to kill (see QUELL): all extant senses show melioration of the orig. meaning] 1. a sudden, brief feeling of sickness,… …   English World dictionary

  • Qualm — 1) dicker Dampf od. Rauch; 2) das bes. in nassen Jahren hervorquellende od. an einem Ort sich sammelnde Wasser; 3) so v.w. Ekel, Betäubung; 4) was Unlust, Verwirrung verursacht …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • qualm — I noun anxiety, apprehension, apprehensiveness, compunction, concern, diffidence, disquiet, distrust, doubt, doubtfulness, dubiety, dubiousness, equivocalness, feeling of uncertainty, foreboding, hesitance, hesitancy, hesitation, incertitude,… …   Law dictionary

  • qualm — [kwa:m US kwa:m, kwa:lm] n [C usually plural] a feeling of slight worry or doubt because you are not sure that what you are doing is right ▪ Despite my qualms, I took the job. ▪ The manager has no qualms about dropping players who do not perform… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • qualm — (n.) O.E. cwealm (W.Saxon) death, disaster, plague, utcualm (Anglian) utter destruction, related to cwellan to kill, cwelan to die (see QUELL (Cf. quell)). Sense softened to feeling of faintness 1520s; meaning uneasiness, doubt is from 1550s;… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Qualm — (der) …   Kölsch Dialekt Lexikon

  • Qualm — Qualm: Der in hochd. Texten seit dem 16. Jh. bezeugte Ausdruck für »‹dicker› Rauch« stammt aus dem Niederd. Mnd. qual‹le›m »Dunst, Dampf, Rauch« gehört wahrscheinlich im Sinne von »Hervorquellendes« zu der Wortgruppe von ↑ quellen. – Abl.:… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch


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